When we discuss about the life-threatening diseases in the world, many of us start thinking of fatal diseases as they generally grab the headlines. But, apart from them, many more diseases have found places in the list when we talk of Dangerous Diseases in India. No doubt, the improvement in the healthcare industry has changed a lot, but there are still many deadly diseases prevailing in India. The treatment costs of some of which are very high. These diseases, however, have a high impact on the productivity of an individual and therefore affect their earning capacities while retaining the cost of therapy. That is why it is important to know the signs, causes and how to prevent it from being caught. This will help you fight deadly diseases in an era where our lifestyles are not satisfactory. Here are some of the dangerous diseases in India.
Dangerous Diseases in India
It is surprising that some of these dangerous diseases in India ae curable or at least partially preventable. Risk factors or factors that cannot be prevented include where a person lives, access to preventive care and quality of healthcare. These are some factors that can also trigger some of these diseases. Although, there are certain measures one can take to lower the risk of contracting a disease. We have also provided details of the symptoms, causes and preventive measures of these dangerous diseases in India along with dietary actions one can take. So, with this article you can have a fair understanding of when you might be at a risk of a disease.
Find the list of the top 10 deadliest diseases in India below.
1. Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD)
Cardiovascular disorders affect the heart in a variety of conditions. They are India’s leading cause of death. Lifestyle risk factors, socio-economic changes, and similar are the major causes of the rise of cardiovascular diseases.
Symptoms of CVD
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Chest discomfort
- Pain in the upper abdomen, neck, back, throat, jaw
- Pain or numbness in your arms, and legs
Causes of CVD
- Tobacco intake
- Lack of physical activity
- Poor diet
- High BP or Cholesterol
- Family history of CVD
Preventive Measures for CVD
- Be physically active
- Exercise regularly
- Monitor your weight
- Stop smoking
- Control your blood pressure
- Keep a check of Your Cholesterol
Eat nutritious foods such as salmon, walnuts, almonds, oats, carrots, sweet potato, red pepper, tomatoes, kale, broccoli. Eat healthy food. Increase fruit consumption like oranges and papaya, including other fruits which contain beta carotene, potassium, magnesium and fibre.
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A stroke takes place when the artery leaks or is blocked in your brain. Subsequent numbness and confusion are signs of a stroke. It also causes loss of vision and faintness.
Symptoms of Stroke
- Sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg
- Trouble seeing from one or both the eyes
- Severe headache with no known cause
- Trouble walking
- Sudden confusion, difficulty in speaking or understanding
Causes of Stroke
- People with high BP, high cholesterol
- Diabetes are at higher risk
- Haemorrhage in the brain
- Heart disease
- Genetic disorder
Preventive Measures for Stroke
- Quit smoking
- Control blood pressure
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle
- Exercise regularly
- Limit alcohol
Eat foods that are low in fat and high in fibre. Add lots of leafy green vegetables, beans, tomatoes, etc. in your diet. Eat pomegranate, fruits, nuts and seeds. Intake even milk, yoghurt, cheese and alternatives – low fat, for the most part. Drink abundant water.
3. Respiratory Diseases
Respiratory diseases, including lung abscess, acute bronchitis and pneumonia, are another significant cause of death in India. It is one of the most common infections affecting adults.
Symptoms of Respiratory Diseases
- Nasal congestion
- Runny nose
- Shortness of breath lasting for more than a week
- Scratchy or sore throat
Causes of Respiratory Diseases
- Excessive exposure to smoke or other toxic substances
- Low immune functioning
- Air pollution
- Inappropriate growth of lungs before birth or during childhood
Preventive Measures for Respiratory Diseases
- Quit smoking
- Exercise regularly
- Stay active
- Wear a surgical mask if required
- Avoid going to polluted areas
Enhancement of dietary protein, fruit and vegetables (red & yellow bell peppers, tomatoes, beetroot, carrot, papaya, and pomegranates) provides multiple vitamins and minerals and increases overall immunity. Intake also vitamin C rich food such as broccoli, orange, kiwi, sweet lime, leafy green vegetables, etc.
4. Tuberculosis (TB)
It is an contagious infection that primarily affects the lungs but may also affect other parts of the body. But the best news is the curability and avoidability of tuberculosis.
Symptoms of TB
- Coughing up blood
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Unintentional weight loss
Causes of TB
- Weakened immune system
- Travelling or living in certain areas
- Saliva droplets spreading from person to person when the infected person coughs or sneezes
- Friends and family of the infected person
Preventive Measures for TB
- Avoid close contact with people where infected may be seen for instance hospitals
- Screening for those who have a high risk
- Vaccinations if you are infected so that it does not spread
Tuberculosis prevention and cure foods include bananas, peanuts, porridges, mango, orange, sweet pumpkin carrots, amla, guava, tomatoes, nuts, whole-grain cereals, beans, nuts, fish and chicken.
5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a long-term pulmonary disease that causes breathing problems to the patient. It is not only responsible for deaths in India but also around the world.
Symtoms of COPD
- Chest tightness
- Lack of energy
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Swelled ankles, legs or feet
- Shortness of breath
Causes of COPD
- Smoking or second-hand smoke
- Chemical fumes and other lung irritants
- Anyone in the family linked to COPD
- History of respiratory infections during childhood
Preventive Measures for COPD
- Do not smoke
- Know your family history
- Protect yourself against dust, fumes, and chemicals at home or at work
- Avoid air pollution
COPD preventive and curative diets include peas, bran, skin potatoes, lentils, beans, oats, beets, tomatoes, bacon, bananas. Eat avocados, seed, olives and olive oil, coconut and coconut oil, cheese and fatty fish for a higher fat diet. These foods will help you get more nutrition, especially in the long term.
Insulin development and use is impaired by diabetes. Diabetes is found in two forms, type-1 in which the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin, and type-2 does not make sufficient insulin or can be efficiently used. Diabetes is a condition that affects health and can be fatal.
Symptoms of Diabetes
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
Causes of Diabetes
- Unhealthy diet
- Not exercising regularly
- High BP
- Unhealthy food intake
Preventive Measures for Diabetes
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid a sedentary lifestyle
- Maintain good nutrition
- Quit smoking
- Add more fibre to your diet and cut sugar
The best diabetes preventive and curative diets include high fibre, slim-dried proteins, low-fat milks, vitamins, avocados, cannola oil or olive oil, and good vegetable fats. You should also monitor the consumption of carbohydrate.
7. Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias
Not only memory loss, but also loss of life in many cases happens with Alzheimer’s disease. The gradual disease damages memory and disrupts behaviours such as thought, reasoning, etc.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease
- Difficulty in completing familiar tasks
- Forgetting recently learned information
- Misplacing things
- Problems with words in writing or speaking
- Poor judgment and decision making
- Inability to manage budget
Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease
- Family history
- Old age (more than 65 years)
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Previous head trauma
- Having poor communication with people for a long period
Preventive Measures Alzheimer’s Disease
- Have a heart-healthy diet (include fruits and veggies in your diet)
- Avoid fatty food (Meat, dairy products, olive oil, lean fish, etc.)
- Avoid smoking
- Control of cardiovascular risk factors
Alzheimer’s preventive and curative foods include beans, fruits, nuts, leafy and green vegetables, whole grains, eggs, poultry, olive oil, red meat, butter, and cheese.
Malaria is a deadly disease caused by Plasmodium parasite transmission by mosquitoes. It usually attacks people in tropical and subtropical environments where parasites live.
Symptoms of Malaria
- Muscle pain
- Abdominal pain
- Diarrhea, which can be seen within 7 days after you’ve been bitten by an insect
Causes of Malaria
- Transmission by female Anopheles mosquitoes
Preventive Measures for Malaria
- Stay in well-screened areas in the night
- Use insect repellent
- Opt for full-sleeved clothes
- Use bed net while sleeping to get rid of the mosquitoes
Malaria preventive and curative diets are nutrient-rich foods, carrots, papayas, beetroot goods, fruits, and citrus fruit in particular. More orange, berries, lemon and other rich in vitamins B and C also increase the intake in order to increase immunity. Dal and rice combinations, chapattis with sprouts/ dals, dairy products, etc. are also a good option.
9. Diarrheal Diseases
When three or more loose stools are expended in one day, diarrhoea is the case. It lowers the body’s water and salt levels making your body weak. You can be dehydrated if it lasts for days.
Symptoms of Diarrheal Diseases
- Loose stool
- Mucus in the stool
- Abdominal pain, cramps
- Blood in the stool
- Urgent need to have a bowel movement
Causes of Diarrheal Diseases
- No access to clean water
- Living in an area with poor sanitation facilities
- Weak immune system
- Preventive Measures and Diets for Diarrheal Diseases
Preventive Measures for Diarrheal Diseases
- Quit alcohol
- Wash hands regularly
- Follow good hygiene
- Avoid the use of Aspirin, and steroids
Hot cereals such as oatmeal, wheat cream, rice porridge are important to include in your diet if you suffer from diarrheal diseases. Eat bananas, plain white rice, bread and toast, baked potatoes, etc.
10. Malignant and Other Tumours
Malignant tumours may be cancerous and develop as uncontrolled cells expand. It can expand and spread to other parts of the body and endanger life. The person will encounter the tumour, which is often detected through imaging tests like MRI.
Symptoms of Malignant and Other Tumours
- In the early stages, malignant tumours usually don’t show any symptoms. The first symptom is usually a painless lump.
Causes of Malignant and Other Tumours
- Ionising radiation
- Exposure to chemical or toxic compounds
Preventive Measures for Malignant and Other Tumours
- Quit tobacco
- Eat healthy food
- Get regular immunization
- Maintain a healthy body weight
The symptoms and diets may vary from patient to patient. It is recommended to consult a doctor if you are facing these signs.
The diseases just mentioned above are some of the top Dangerous Diseases in India. Although, these can be prevented and treated. But in case enough medication or response is not available quick, these may even be fatal. Given that the danger is high, we should not sacrifice the precautionary steps, which include the procurement of essential disease coverage. A robust health care package guarantees that you have a decent level of emergency services.
We hope this article has given you the list of Dangerous Diseases in India. You can find more such information on health education on our website. Send this article to friends and family and let them know the list of Dangerous Diseases in India and how to prevent it. Let us know your thoughts in the comment section below. For more information on the same or similar topics, ask us down below. We will provide all the required information to you at the earliest. If you have liked the content of this article, connect with us on our Facebook page.