Education is the primary thing of every human being in the world because one’s eligibility depends on education. Education helps to improve poor minded people. It helps to work in a job, to know about you and your surroundings, it helps to know the scientific facts. We are in the electronics era now, we came from stone age to this era only by education. Education makes people think and decide. A good education will improve your lifestyle. Many backward people came forward only by education. Linen once said education alone helps to raise your voice against the overpowered criminals.
In India education is provided by public and private organizations. Under the establishment of primary education act 2010, education is the primary right to the kids from the age of 6 to 14. Public organizations are government schools and colleges. Government schools are under three category central, state and local. The schools have three levels primary or alimentary, it starts from Kinder Garden to 5th standard. High schools are the second level it starts from 6th to 10th standard. And the last level is the Higher secondary school it is 11th and 12th or PUC. This PUC methodology is stopped in many states. The private schools started to give another one category of education called ICSE. It is an international board of education. And private schools started to give education on some new methodologies like XEED, Monetary.
Indian education history starts from Gurukula system. It is the system that students have to study on teachers place or gurukula.
It is a report on the status of education every year. Its abbreviation is the Annual Status of Education Report. It gives a report on every year which depends on a survey. In 2012 96.8% children are enrolled in any one board of education and it’s fourth annual report shows in 2016 that this percentage increase from 96.8% to 97.2% and this is a high development in an overpopulated country like India. This survey shows that 19% of girl child is increasing every year in their enrolment. Day by day India is moving slowly to universal education.
Many of the peoples questioning the education system but 48% of students come through that system only. While speaking on the quantitative thing we are forgetting the quality. Since the year 2000, the world bank gave 2 billion US dollars to India only for education. But government schools are standing still standing on the first step comparing to private schools.
After high school, everyone look at the higher education but India is a massively populated country for this population we have a mind-blowing higher education system. We have IIT’S NIT’S AAMS and IIM’S. According to last year’s report, we have 900 universities and 40000 colleges all over India. Indian system of education is under serious caste-based quotas. Backward communities, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled tribes have higher benefits. Government-affiliated colleges should have to follow this reservation system. This is looking like a disadvantage but seriously many backward people came forward by this system. Some states have more than 50% reservation but the Supreme Court said there should be no reservation above 50% but states like Maharastra and Tamil Nadu have 76% and 60% reservation systems.
Flaws in Indian Education System
Many of the people complaining that this system only teachers have to score marks but the students have a lack of knowledge on problem-solving and practical application. Many members reporting that learning is much differed than memorizing. Here children are memorizing and vomiting it on the answer sheet. The extra curriculum is more important than the textbook. Schools and colleges give the practice to appear on competitive exams but apart from that, there is nothing on it. Creativity is dropped to zero in this system and many popular magazines like Indian express and Business today are started to criticize this system but the government still refused to open their ears.
After independence, India started to concentrate on rural education because our government wants to develop the society by educating them. After 1950 Indian government framed many new plans and ideas to develop rural education. According to the government rule, every 1.5km square should have a school. Now in this time, almost all the villages have primary schools. It was seriously monitored in the congress period. Me. Kamaraj a former leader of Congress party shows many interests in educating rural peoples. His midday meal scheme helped many people to learn without hunger. And this scheme was first started in Tamil Nadu and Later it spread all over south India.
There is a huge reason behind this extra care on rural education because there is less number of female students are completing their higher secondary comparing to male students.
Women in Education
Education for women is very important to improve society. Because before independence women are set into their kitchens and they have less amount of freedom. After independence, the government opened many schools especially for women but that did not bring any change. Till 1965 the literacy rate of women in India is 6-8%. So after some huge struggle literacy rate of women came to 50% in the year 2000. Now for the surprising truth the literacy rate of women in India is 72% this is a huge development but this is not enough so government planning to make it as 100%.
From the 5th Century BC to 2019 AD
The first university in India was build in the year of 5th century BC and it is called as Nalanda University which was constructed by Guptha king but now we have world standard institutions. But the question mark is rising on the quality thing. Every one accepts IIT and AIMS have standard but the common question on everyone’s mind is, what about the rest? Today Engineering colleges are not preparing Engineers so like as medical colleges. After completion of the degree, a common student knows nothing about their profession and this situation has to be changes and the government have to look on it.