Indian Institutes of Technology or the IITs ranks among the world’s leading 100 to 200, Asia’s top 100 and India’s top 10-20 engineering institutions, and are one of the world’s most popular Indian institutions. To become an IITian is like a dream. But a majority of the candidates always wonder how to get admission in IIT? What’s the secret to getting into one? Famous personalities like Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google and Alphabet Inc., N.R. Narayana Murthy, co-founder of Infosys, Chetan Bhagat, writer, Raghuram Rajan, ex-Governor of RBI, Arvind Kejriwal, CM of Delhi are all from IITs.
How to get admission in IIT
Every year lakhs of students appear for the exams to get admission to the IITs. But only about 11,000 students get a seat. According to the National Testing Agency, a total of 11,05,508 appeared for B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. and Planning courses in the 2019 JEE Mains examination. Out of this, only 1,61,319 students were selected to appear for JEE Advanced. Out of this, only 38,705 candidates qualified. Now with just 11,000 seats in the IITs, you can understand how difficult it is to get into one. We can say that for every seat, around 100 students compete in the JEE Mains and 15 students compete in the JEE Advanced exam. Due to this, the IIT entrance exam is considered to be the toughest in the world. This article will give all the essential details that you need to know about how to get admission in IIT.
Steps to Get Admission in IIT
To get into any of the IITs in India, the candidate must fulfil four steps. The details have been given below.
Step 1: JEE Mains Examination
JEE Mains is an examination conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year, i.e., January and April. You can appear for both the exams and the best of both will be considered for JEE Mains merit list. For different streams, different papers are set. The details for each stream has been given below.
To get admission in any engineering course –
Candidates will have to appear for BE/ BTech paper. This exam has to be taken only through the Computer Based Test (CBT) mode. The questions will be of objective type multiple choice questions and questions will have answers which are of a numerical value. The paper will be set on three subjects, namely Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Each subject will be given equal weightage. The total marks for this paper are 300 marks.
To get admission in Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) course –
Candidates will have to appear for the BArch paper in three parts. The Part I (Mathematics) and Part II (Aptitude Test) will be conducted through the Computer Based Test (CBT) mode. Part I will have objective type multiple choice questions and questions will have answers which are of a numerical value. Part II will have multiple type questions only. The total marks for Part I and Part II combined are 400 marks. Part III will be a pen and paper-based exam. This will have questions that will test the candidate’s drawing aptitude.
Step 2: JEE Advanced Examination
Candidates will be allowed to appear for the JEE Advanced exam only if they score more than the minimum cut off in the JEE Mains. The cut-off scores for different categories of students will be announced by the NTA. The cut off will be dependant on various factors like the number of students who appeared in the JEE Main examination, the number of seats available at the IITs, difficulty level of the examination, etc. The last cut-off was 89.7548849 for general category applicants and 74.3166557 for other backward classes applicants. JEE Advanced is conducted by the Zonal coordinating IITs under the guidance of the Joint Admission Board (JAB). The exam has to be taken only in the Computer Based Test (CBT) mode. Candidates will have only two chances to appear for this exam.
Generally, the JEE Advanced exam consists of two papers. Each paper will have questions on Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The questions will be designed in a way to test the candidates’ comprehension, reasoning, and analytical ability. Each paper will be of 3 hours duration. Candidates aspiring for BArch admission will have to appear for the Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT) along with the JEE Advanced examination. This will be a pen and paper-based exam. Candidates will have to carry their own drawing and colouring supplies.
Step 3: All India Rank (AIR)
This will answer a lot of questions in your mind about how to get admission in IIT. As tough as it sounds, it is not. If you have appeared for both Paper I and Paper II of the JEE Advanced exam, candidates’ need to score a minimum of 10% marks in each subject: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Along with this, they will also have to score 35% marks in aggregate in all three subjects. If they do, they will be considered for the All India Ranking. The criteria for these marks vary across various category of students.
Step 4: Joint Allocation Authority (JoSAA)
If you find your name in the All India Rank List, then you will be eligible to participate in the joint seat allocation process. This is conducted by the JoSAA. Candidates must keep in mind that only if they clear both JEE Mains and JEE Advanced, and obtain an All India Rank can they get admission in IIT.
Eligibility criteria to get admission in IIT
Now that you are clear about the selection process for IIT, you must also be aware of the criteria to get into one. The eligibility criteria for JEE Mains is different from the one for the JEE Advanced exam. It has been given below for clear understanding. This is the most important information if you want to know how to get admission in IITs.
1. For JEE Mains Examination
Candidate must have cleared class 12th or equivalent in one of the previous two years of the year in which the JEE Mains is being conducted or appeared in the class 12th or equivalent exam in the year in which the JEE Mains is being conducted.
2. For JEE Advanced Examination
Candidate must have cleared class12th or equivalent from a recognized board with at least 75% aggregate marks (65% for SC/ ST/ PwD candidates). Or the candidate must be n the top 20 percentile of candidates who have passed the class 12th exam from the same board. If the candidate is appearing from class 12th or equivalent exam from a recognized board in the year JEE Advanced is being conducted, they will be eligible for this exam provisionally. Subsequently, candidates will have to fulfil the above-mentioned criteria (75% marks or among the top 20 percentile of students).
Tips to Get into IIT
Before you ask the question ‘How to get admission in IIT’, ask yourself if you really enjoy the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Are you really interested and competent in these subjects? If yes, then these tips below will help you the most.
1. Is it worth the efforts?
You might feel you enjoy the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. But all you have seen is school and 12th. Do you really feel you can cope up with the engineering curriculum? Do not rush into making these decisions just because everyone else is. Take your time. Get proper guidance from seniors or your teachers. You can also hire a professional career counsellor. They will help you understand if this is the best career option for you or are you make for any other career. After that, you can make an informed decision. By then you will understand the obstacles on your way even after you enter IIT or take up this career option. If you think it will be worth all the efforts you have to put in, then go ahead with your decision.
2. Sacrifice little pleasures
You will have to sacrifice the little pleasures in life on a large scale. This will have to be done for a couple of years or even more. Mobile phones, Facebook, Instagram, Television, Internet, movies, dining out, hanging out with friends, every small pleasure. Because you will have to focus on studies for at least 6 hours a day apart from the time spent in school and coaching centres. The number of hours may differ, but we can say you will have to work really hard for long hours. Remember, being an IITian is your dream, and to achieve your dream you will have to sacrifice a lot for a few years.
3. Master the concepts
Just going to coaching centres and memorizing the formulas won’t help. You will have to go deep into understanding the concepts logically. You will also have to develop excellent analytical and logical reasoning abilities in Science and Mathematics. Formulas will help you derive answers but not get you into IIT.
You will have to attempt and solve various complex problems in all subjects. You cannot give up at this point. Practice every day. You will definitely face difficulties, but keep trying. Understand the concept, ask help from friends and teachers and then get back into solving questions. Remember, some questions just look complex but are really easy. Have a positive mind and keep practising.
Did you know you could get admission in IIT without JEE. We hope these tips help you. If you have tried any other way and succeeded, do let us know below. This will also help other deserving candidates and make them more confident. If you like the content of the article, make sure to subscribe to our youtube channel for more such information.