MD Courses in India and Other Details

Doctor of Medicine, often abbreviated as MD, is a medical degree. The scope of this varies in various jurisdictions. In India, MD is a postgraduate degree. After successful completion of the course in any speciality, the candidate receives the degree of MD. Doctor of Medicine is an advanced academic degree in the field of medical science. This degree is similar to a doctorate or a PhD. An MD degree represents a higher postgraduate degree for speciality training. The course can be pursued after completing MBBS. This helps the candidate acquire in-depth knowledge and hands-on training on varies subjects. Medical aspirants in India have many options for the course. Therefore, before choosing a course it is very important to know the various MD courses in India. To give you that information and more about MD, this article has been written. Find all the details about MD courses in India below.

MD Courses in India

MD Courses in India

MD degree helps the candidates in accurate diagnosis and treatment planning of diseases. It is one of the most sought after medical course in India. It takes years of training and dedication to complete the course. After completing MBBS and an internship from a medical college recognized by the MCI, the candidates can pursue an MD degree. The course is of 3 years. However, to complete this course, candidates need to appear for NEET PG. There are certain things you need to know about an MD course. Before we see the MD courses in India, let us see the skills required to become an MD.


Skills required to become an MD

In-depth theoretical knowledge and practical experience in the field are the leading factors to work successfully as an MD. The job of an MD requires responsibility, sincerity, self-confidence and distinct skills and only by perfecting and sharpening those skills in everyday work, one can establish oneself as a successful medical practitioner. The essential skills required to be a successful MD are listed below:

Diagnosis SkillAbility to diagnose disease on the basis of its symptoms
Interpersonal SkillAbility to develop a relationship with the patients, and build their faith and trust
Communication SkillStrong verbal and listening skill to communicate with the patient and his family
Time Management SkillPunctuality, ability to work for long hours and handle the pressure
Perseverance and EndurancePossess patience to listen and devote hours to the patients
Team Working SkillAbility to work in a team along with other physicians, experts and technicians
Critical Thinking and Problem Solving SkillAbility to handle a critical case and apply the remedial measure to provide relief to the patient
Use of modern treatment techniquesMust be acquainted with the modern treatment techniques and medical innovations

MD Courses in India

There are various MD courses available in India. Also, there is a certain number of seats available for each course. The details of the same are given below. Get the MD courses in India below.

MD CoursesTotal Intake Capacity in India
Anaesthesia2463 seats
Dermatology, Venerology & Leprosy707 seats
General Medicine3188 seats
Paediatrics1672 seats
Psychiatry652 seats
Radiology/Radio Diagnosis1212 seats
Radiotherapy303 seats
Respiratory Medicine491 seats
Obstetrics & Gynaecology2013 seats
Ophthalmology1174 seats
M.S. ENT784 seats
General Surgery2901 seats
Orthopaedics1489 seats
Pathology1533 seats
Microbiology908 seats
Forensic Medicine415 seats
Community Medicine919 seats
Pharmacology839 seats
Anatomy830 seats
Biochemistry636 seats
Physiology815 seats


MD Course Structure

The term of the MD course is of 3 years. The entire course is divided into 6 semesters with 2 semesters in a year. The entire course puts emphasis on lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis work, oral examination, group discussions, etc. The would-be doctors obtain in-depth knowledge of the subject along with exposure to practical work in the hospitals. They all work in the hospitals as ‘Senior Residents’. Candidates must make sure they secure at least 50% marks in each subject to pass the MD exam. If they fail to secure the qualifying marks in any subject, candidates will have to re-take the test. The details of the semester wise details are as below:

Semester 1Semester 2
Applied basic science knowledgeBiostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General MedicineDiagnostic investigation and procedures
Recent advances in Medicine
Semester 3Semester 4
Monitoring seriously ill patientsAbility to carry out research
Counselling patients and relativesWard patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate studentsOPD patient management
Semester 5Semester 6
Long and short topic presentationsJournal conferences
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussionsPG case presentation skills
Clinico-radiological and Clinico-pathological conferencesResearch review

Job Prospects for MD

There are many job options for MD. Such doctors are always in demand as they possess clinical expertise. Once a candidate completes their MD, they can start working in various government hospitals as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may also be offered a job in biomedical companies. If the candidates are interested in teaching, they can also join medical colleges as lecturers and thesis guide. They may also get involved in research work and publications and authoring chapters for medical textbooks. The various areas where a doctor with an MD degree can work are:

  • Government hospitals
  • Private Super Speciality Hospitals
  • Nursing Homes
  • Health Centres
  • Medical Colleges
  • Bio-medical Companies
  • Laboratories
  • Research Institutes
  • Medical Foundation and trust
  • Pharmaceuticals and Bio-technology companies
  • Poly Clinics
  • Non-profit Organizations etc

Apart from these, a successful MD doctor can carry on private practice and set up their own clinic and nursing home.


Average Salary of an MD

An MD doctor starts drawing benefits when he begins to practice only after years of hard work, toil, efforts and sacrifices. The earning definitely depends on the experience, devotion and dedication of the doctor towards his job. If an MD doctor is working in a hospital, the pay package is always lucrative. In government hospitals, the salary structure of an MD doctor is decided by the health department. In private hospitals, the respective governing body determines the pay scale of the doctor. For determining the pay package, they obviously consider the qualifications, experience, skills and service record of the doctor.

An MD doctor can earn more if they start a private practice. However, the working area or the location is also a determinant factor in this regard. On average, an MD doctor earns Rs 20 lakhs per annum in a government hospital and Rs. 6 lakhs – Rs 10 lakhs in private hospitals.

Popular MD Colleges in India

Now that you know of the various MD courses in India, it is time to see the popular colleges in India for the same course.

  • AIIMS Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Meenakshi Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Kanchipuram
  • Shri Guru Ram Rai University, Dehradun
  • Parul University, Vadodara
  • Saveetha University – Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai
  • Government Medical College, Kottayam

Hope you have got complete details of the MD courses in India. Along with it, also get the skills required, course structure, job prospects, average salary and popular colleges. This will help you decide if you want to take up an MD course.

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Abinaya is a strong writer and the content head of Open Education Portal. She specializes in content for teenagers. Abinaya is passionate and extremely fond of anything related to education and jobs. She has been a writer for the past three years and loves to focus her content on teenagers can help them shape their future.

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